The global CBD (cannabidiol) market is booming. In fact, it's expected to grow by over 30 percent in the next few years.
Thanks to this massive growth, lots of people are familiar with CBD products and their benefits. But, a lot of people are unaware of the different aspects of CBD products that make some more effective than others.
If you've started delving more deeply into the world of CBD, you've probably heard some people talking about terpenes.
What are terpenes, though, and why do they matter? Everything you need to know is explained below:
Most people know that cannabinoids (like CBD and THC) are compounds found in the cannabis plant. Did you know there are other types of plant compounds besides cannabinoids, though?
Terpenes are another important plant compound. They are organic hydrocarbons that give plants their specific aroma.
Various terpenes offer their own unique therapeutic effects. They are present in all types of the cannabis plant, including low-THC hemp plants.
Flavonoids are another important plant compound to consider.
It's easy to get flavonoids and terpenes confused. The key difference, though, is that flavonoids are responsible for giving a plant its specific color.
Different flavonoids in the cannabis plant will yield a greener or more purple color. Like cannabinoids and terpenes, flavonoids have their own unique therapeutic benefits.
A lot of CBD products on the market today are made with CBD isolate. This is exactly what it sounds like -- an isolated form of cannabidiol that does not contain any other plant compounds.
There are definitely benefits to consuming CBD isolate, but there are also benefits to consuming CBD alongside other plant compounds like terpenes and flavonoids.
The main benefit is something known as the Entourage Effect.
The Entourage Effect refers to the fact that terpenes work together to help various cannabinoids pass through your bloodstream to produce medicinal effects in the body.
Basically, when you consume CBD alongside other terpenes from the hemp plant, you may notice a stronger effect than if you consumed CBD all by itself.
Terpenes can also help to modulate some of the less appealing effects of the cannabis plant (such as feelings of paranoia that accompany THC).
Terpenes offer their own health benefits, too. Some have been shown to inhibit the reuptake of serotonin, enhance the activity of norepinephrine in the body, and increase dopamine production.
Researchers are still working to figure out exactly why terpenes are so beneficial.
What they know so far, though, is that they appear to bind directly to the body's own endocannabinoid receptors. They also bind to neurotransmitters to imitate compounds naturally produced by the body (serotonin, dopamine, etc.).
There are many different terpenes that are found in the hemp plant.
Some of the most popular varieties that appear to have the greatest therapeutic benefits include:
Myrcene is the most well-known and abundant terpene found in the hemp plant.
Myrcene has a similar smell to cloves and works as an analgesic, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory. It brings on calming feelings and can act as an antispasmodic.
Myrcene also blocks a variety of carcinogens, including cytochrome and aflatoxin.
Caryophyllene is a powerful anti-inflammatory. It has a strong, spicy scent and is also found in large quantities in black pepper.
Caryophyllene also has analgesic and anti-fungal properties. It has a strong affinity for the body's CB2 receptors and is a popular ingredient in topical CBD products.
Pinene functions as a bronchodilator, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and expectorant. It is also present in pine and fir trees and gives them their signature scent.
It can also help to improve concentration and energy levels. Pinene appears to be especially beneficial to those who suffer from Crohn's disease, arthritis, and some forms of cancer.
Plants that have high levels of pinene are also likely to have high levels of terpineol.
Terpineol has a strong calming effect and can help you to feel relaxed and at ease. it also has antibiotic and antioxidant properties.
Citronellol is a terpene that also acts as a natural insect repellant. It's even been used to protect fabrics from damage caused by moths.
It has a strong floral scent and also contains anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory properties. It's also found in various flowers, including roses and succulents.
Linalool is also found in the lavender plant, as well as spices like coriander.
It has stress-relieving, anti-depressant, and anti-inflammatory properties.
It's a great terpene for individuals who struggle with anxiety, depression, or other mental health disorders. It may also help to boost the immune system and reduce inflammation in the lungs.
Humulene is also found in spices like cloves, basil, and coriander. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties and can also help to suppress the appetite. It may also have antibacterial and anti-tumor properties.
Phytol is a terpene that is created when chlorophyll molecules degrade. It plays an important role in the synthesis of vitamin E and vitamin K. It has a strong floral smell and may be used topically to minimize itching and treat various wounds.
Limonene is another abundant terpene found in the hemp and cannabis plants. It has a fresh, citrus smell.
Limonene has anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-carcinogenic effects.
Research shows that it can help to increase attention, focus, and feeling of well-being. One study also showed that it could reduce the presence of tumors in women who were suffering from early-stage breast cancer.
As you can see, terpenes can play an important role in the effectiveness of your CBD products.
If you've tried a CBD isolate product and didn't notice significant changes, you may want to consider giving a full-spectrum product -- which contains some of the terpenes mentioned above -- a try instead.
If you want to try high-quality, effective terpene infused CBD products, head to our online store.
We sell a wide range of CBD oils, capsules, creams, and other products. Check them out today!